Science and technology have been the backbone of the human race. It is on the backs of science, that most of us have got to where we are, being able to use our phones to read articles, be entertained, listen to music, do work, as well as a plethora of other things. Technology is used for recreational purposes as well as by professionals.
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All of this is amazing, not to mention that science benefits greatly from using traditional computing. But, it has its limitations, particularly when it comes to ‘imagination’ and how much it can do with new data, learning, cryptography and many more things.
Quantum computing is the answer, or rather, many scientists are hoping that it will be, once it becomes mainstream. every field could prosper because of quantum computing, but some more than others, like science. Here is how.
Quantum Computing – A Brief Explanation
Quantum computing is a way of performing computing tasks, by harnessing the power of quantum states such as entanglement, interference and superposition, to perform calculations and computations. Quantum computing should be faster in most areas than traditional computing, for example in integer factorization, which is used for encryption.
Quantum computing can also do many things that a traditional computer would take an absurd time to do. Both traditional computing and quantum computing could do the same things, in theory, but traditional computing would take an amount of time which would be preposterous to even consider.
How does this benefit science?
The Benefits of Quantum Computing in Science
When traditional computing fails to deliver a result in an amount of time which would be acceptable for scientists, for example, while they are still alive, there has to be another solution. Quantum computing should have an answer. Some mathematical issues quantum computing can solve faster than traditional.
When it comes to science, some fields benefit greatly from quantum computing’s speed, namely mathematics, chemistry, biology, and many more. For example, the human genome can be sequenced much faster with quantum computing. On the other hand, in mathematics, it should be self-explanatory. Physics could benefit greatly from quantum computers, especially those studying quantum science, of which quantum computing is a branch.
But, it is not without its hiccups and challenges.
The Problems With Quantum Computing
If it were that good and simple, we would have already developed quantum computing and it would have been commercially available. It has a serious issue with quantum decoherence. Quantum decoherence requires the quantum computer to be completely isolated from its environment. That is, sadly, almost impossible, because making requests exposes the computer to the environment. Even something like cosmic rays could make a quantum computer decoherent in milliseconds.
It can be controlled or isolated, but a perfect system can never be created, which is why there will always be some risks involved with using quantum computers.
Quantum computing, once it becomes operational on a more widespread level, should help speed things up. However, it has its challenges and they must first be overcome in order for us to rely on quantum computers in scientific fields like biology and chemistry.